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In the first place, it is said before Victorian age, sex drive and sexual intercourse are valued as spontaneous and natural. It is widely believed that the power mechanism of Victorian times disfigures the essence and orientation of sexuality. Undeniably, the advent of Darwinism indirectly serves as an impetus to the occurrence of sexual morality. The hypothesis of Darwinism unprecedentedly juxtaposes human’s sexual intercourse with animalistic instinct. It is widely believed that people of Victorian times are inextricably chained by this hypothesis and contrive to sever the interrelationship between human beings and animal by claiming those who fail to control their sexual desire are inferior human beings. In a sense, the pleasure of sexual intercourse is extremely removed and the bondage followed in the wake of this aforementioned assumption. It is an established fact that sexuality is greatly restricted to the formal purpose of procreation. In this approach, the essence of sexual intercourse is extremely stigmatized and the sexual bondage followed. At root, morality is quintessentially man-made and socially-determined. At any rate, it involves in artificial intervention. The highly-placed people of Victorian contrive to debase the essence of sexuality and view sexuality as something shameful and despicable.

It is widely believe that adultery is a notion heavily associated with disgust and shame. In spite of this understanding, in Moll Flanders and Roxana, it is evident that it is a commonplace thing for men and women to commit adultery. Then, is the society sick or morbid? If the majority represents the norm, can majority just the wrongdoings or manifest true humanity or the nature of sexuality when perversity turns into an overwhelming and overarching social phenomenon?

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Disclosure of Consciousness and Subconsciousness in The Rainbow 

In my perspective, The Rainbow could be highly-valued as a perfect piece of work for psychological analysis, concerning its penetrating manifestation of the realm of subconsciousness, in which is hidden beneath our consciousness, literally the unknown. At bottom, the dark desire within human beings remains a thorny issue and subconsciousness is essentially a mystery to human beings. Beyond that, sexual desire remains enigmatic also. Personally, I assume sexual desire is innate and roots in instinct, which is essentially uncanny and unfathomable. Then, when it comes to the narrative technique in unveiling the unfathomable force in our brain, Lawrence adopts free indirect discourse as a device to bring human being’s subconsciousness to light through the application of an omniscient third person narrator, whom is endowed with God-like omniscient knowledge of the whole package and access to the character’s interior working, including the hidden thoughts which is beyond the reach of the characters themselves. Significantly, the narrator peers into the characters’ mind and deciphers and documents the consciousness and subconsciousness in his own terms. Hence, the authoritative perspective of the third-person narrator often seamlessly merges with or overlaps the character’s own perspective. 

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 The Interplay Between Abjection and Juissance: The Overlapping of Abjection and Desire in Angels in America

    At the core, I anchor on Kristeva and Lacan’s psychoanalytic theory to delve into the manifestation of narcissistic crisis and identity transformation of Joe Pitt in Angels in America with an attempt to scrutinize the boundary-overlapping between desire and abjection and interplay between Jouissance and abjection, which decidedly associate with the territory of sexual intercourse. I am tempted to explore how Joe converts himself from a victim of abject into a “fascinated victim” (Kristeva 9). At bottom, Kristeva’s psychoanalytic theory models on Freud's psychosexual developmental theory, which is chiefly grounded in his ideas of sexual drive. Angels in America touches on the issues of discriminated sexual orientation, namely, homosexuality. Evidently, Joe Pitt’s identity negotiation and metamorphosis process offer compelling example of a paradoxical momentum between abjection and Juissance. Essentially, I center on psychoanalyzing Joe’s identity formation in deciphering Joe's inner turmoil and ultimate emancipation. Joe Pitt proceeds through the role of a closeted Marmon homophobia adherent into a confident coming out gay.

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Morality Play★★★

It is promoted and encouraged by Church and civil authority in the late medieval era with an attempt to render teachings and knowledge about social, moral value in a didactic approach. With dramatic allegories, it centers on illustrating personalized virtues, vice or temptation struggles. “ Everyman” and “ Dr. Faustus” are classic example of this genre.

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名詞解釋得分關鍵: 

看到熟悉題型務必準確及迅速決定落筆

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Sonnet 始祖Petrarch 大師(widely used)

Definition: The term” sonnet” derives form the Occitan word’ sonnet” and Italian word “sonnetto,” both literally meaning” little song.” Sonnet is one of the poetic forms which consists of 14 lines. According to a strict rhyme scheme, sonnets are written in iambic pentameter and every other syllable is naturally accented.

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American Dream and the Lost Generation

Key information:

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交通大學歷屆考古題

85年度~99學年度

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Instructor: Yi- Chuang E Lin

Course: Time, Consciousness and Narrative

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全文摘錄自

艾蜜莉 花之歌Emily Dickinson  郭雪貞譯 (我覺得翻的很不錯

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Sigmund Freud

     他可謂心理學的潛意識治療大師。他在維也納及澳地利長大並成為一個精神治療的醫生。專研心理學,早期他以催眠狀態(hypnosi)來進行精神上的治療,他相信歇斯底里的情緒和當事人心中壓抑的創傷有極大關聯。他後來進行一項名為”free association”的實驗,藉此導出人內心潛意識的情感,他研究的成果是,精神上的不安恐懼等等根自於壓抑的性慾或性渴望,基於此理論,他強調性愛(sexual development)能夠有效排遣或治療心理的不安或緊張的精神狀態。(psychological tension or trauma )

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